Source code for azure.servicebus._servicebus_receiver

# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
# Licensed under the MIT License. See License.txt in the project root for license information.
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
import time
import logging
import functools
import uuid
from typing import Any, List, TYPE_CHECKING, Optional, Dict, Iterator, Union

import six

from uamqp import ReceiveClient, types, Message
from uamqp.constants import SenderSettleMode
from uamqp.authentication.common import AMQPAuth

from .exceptions import ServiceBusError
from ._base_handler import BaseHandler
from ._common.message import ServiceBusReceivedMessage
from ._common.utils import (
    create_authentication,
    get_receive_links,
    receive_trace_context_manager,
)
from ._common.constants import (
    REQUEST_RESPONSE_RECEIVE_BY_SEQUENCE_NUMBER,
    REQUEST_RESPONSE_UPDATE_DISPOSTION_OPERATION,
    REQUEST_RESPONSE_RENEWLOCK_OPERATION,
    REQUEST_RESPONSE_PEEK_OPERATION,
    ServiceBusReceiveMode,
    MGMT_REQUEST_DISPOSITION_STATUS,
    MGMT_REQUEST_LOCK_TOKENS,
    MGMT_REQUEST_SEQUENCE_NUMBERS,
    MGMT_REQUEST_RECEIVER_SETTLE_MODE,
    MGMT_REQUEST_FROM_SEQUENCE_NUMBER,
    MGMT_REQUEST_MAX_MESSAGE_COUNT,
    SPAN_NAME_RECEIVE_DEFERRED,
    SPAN_NAME_PEEK,
    MESSAGE_COMPLETE,
    MESSAGE_ABANDON,
    MESSAGE_DEFER,
    MESSAGE_DEAD_LETTER,
    MESSAGE_RENEW_LOCK,
    MESSAGE_MGMT_SETTLEMENT_TERM_MAP,
    MGMT_REQUEST_DEAD_LETTER_REASON,
    MGMT_REQUEST_DEAD_LETTER_ERROR_DESCRIPTION,
    MGMT_RESPONSE_MESSAGE_EXPIRATION,
    ServiceBusToAMQPReceiveModeMap,
)
from ._common import mgmt_handlers
from ._common.receiver_mixins import ReceiverMixin
from ._common.utils import utc_from_timestamp
from ._servicebus_session import ServiceBusSession


if TYPE_CHECKING:
    import datetime
    from azure.core.credentials import TokenCredential, AzureSasCredential, AzureNamedKeyCredential

_LOGGER = logging.getLogger(__name__)


[docs]class ServiceBusReceiver( BaseHandler, ReceiverMixin ): # pylint: disable=too-many-instance-attributes """The ServiceBusReceiver class defines a high level interface for receiving messages from the Azure Service Bus Queue or Topic Subscription. The two primary channels for message receipt are `receive()` to make a single request for messages, and `for message in receiver:` to continuously receive incoming messages in an ongoing fashion. **Please use the `get_<queue/subscription>_receiver` method of ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusClient to create a ServiceBusReceiver instance.** :ivar fully_qualified_namespace: The fully qualified host name for the Service Bus namespace. The namespace format is: `<yournamespace>.servicebus.windows.net`. :vartype fully_qualified_namespace: str :ivar entity_path: The path of the entity that the client connects to. :vartype entity_path: str :param str fully_qualified_namespace: The fully qualified host name for the Service Bus namespace. The namespace format is: `<yournamespace>.servicebus.windows.net`. :param credential: The credential object used for authentication which implements a particular interface for getting tokens. It accepts credential objects generated by the azure-identity library and objects that implement the `get_token(self, *scopes)` method, or alternatively, an AzureSasCredential can be provided too. :type credential: ~azure.core.credentials.TokenCredential or ~azure.core.credentials.AzureSasCredential or ~azure.core.credentials.AzureNamedKeyCredential :keyword str queue_name: The path of specific Service Bus Queue the client connects to. :keyword str topic_name: The path of specific Service Bus Topic which contains the Subscription the client connects to. :keyword str subscription_name: The path of specific Service Bus Subscription under the specified Topic the client connects to. :keyword Optional[float] max_wait_time: The timeout in seconds between received messages after which the receiver will automatically stop receiving. The default value is None, meaning no timeout. :keyword receive_mode: The mode with which messages will be retrieved from the entity. The two options are PEEK_LOCK and RECEIVE_AND_DELETE. Messages received with PEEK_LOCK must be settled within a given lock period before they will be removed from the queue. Messages received with RECEIVE_AND_DELETE will be immediately removed from the queue, and cannot be subsequently abandoned or re-received if the client fails to process the message. The default mode is PEEK_LOCK. :paramtype receive_mode: Union[~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceiveMode, str] :keyword bool logging_enable: Whether to output network trace logs to the logger. Default is `False`. :keyword transport_type: The type of transport protocol that will be used for communicating with the Service Bus service. Default is `TransportType.Amqp`. :paramtype transport_type: ~azure.servicebus.TransportType :keyword dict http_proxy: HTTP proxy settings. This must be a dictionary with the following keys: `'proxy_hostname'` (str value) and `'proxy_port'` (int value). Additionally the following keys may also be present: `'username', 'password'`. :keyword str user_agent: If specified, this will be added in front of the built-in user agent string. :keyword Optional[~azure.servicebus.AutoLockRenewer] auto_lock_renewer: An ~azure.servicebus.AutoLockRenewer can be provided such that messages are automatically registered on receipt. If the receiver is a session receiver, it will apply to the session instead. :keyword int prefetch_count: The maximum number of messages to cache with each request to the service. This setting is only for advanced performance tuning. Increasing this value will improve message throughput performance but increase the chance that messages will expire while they are cached if they're not processed fast enough. The default value is 0, meaning messages will be received from the service and processed one at a time. In the case of prefetch_count being 0, `ServiceBusReceiver.receive` would try to cache `max_message_count` (if provided) within its request to the service. """ def __init__(self, fully_qualified_namespace, credential, **kwargs): # type: (str, Union[TokenCredential, AzureSasCredential, AzureNamedKeyCredential], Any) -> None self._message_iter = None # type: Optional[Iterator[ServiceBusReceivedMessage]] if kwargs.get("entity_name"): super(ServiceBusReceiver, self).__init__( fully_qualified_namespace=fully_qualified_namespace, credential=credential, **kwargs ) else: queue_name = kwargs.get("queue_name") # type: Optional[str] topic_name = kwargs.get("topic_name") # type: Optional[str] subscription_name = kwargs.get("subscription_name") if queue_name and topic_name: raise ValueError( "Queue/Topic name can not be specified simultaneously." ) if topic_name and not subscription_name: raise ValueError( "Subscription name is missing for the topic. Please specify subscription_name." ) entity_name = queue_name or topic_name if not entity_name: raise ValueError( "Queue/Topic name is missing. Please specify queue_name/topic_name." ) super(ServiceBusReceiver, self).__init__( fully_qualified_namespace=fully_qualified_namespace, credential=credential, entity_name=entity_name, **kwargs ) self._populate_attributes(**kwargs) self._session = ( None if self._session_id is None else ServiceBusSession(self._session_id, self) ) def __iter__(self): return self._iter_contextual_wrapper() def _iter_contextual_wrapper(self, max_wait_time=None): """The purpose of this wrapper is to allow both state restoration (for multiple concurrent iteration) and per-iter argument passing that requires the former.""" # pylint: disable=protected-access original_timeout = None while True: # This is not threadsafe, but gives us a way to handle if someone passes # different max_wait_times to different iterators and uses them in concert. if max_wait_time: original_timeout = self._handler._timeout self._handler._timeout = max_wait_time * 1000 try: message = self._inner_next() links = get_receive_links(message) with receive_trace_context_manager(self, links=links): yield message except StopIteration: break finally: if original_timeout: try: self._handler._timeout = original_timeout except AttributeError: # Handler may be disposed already. pass def _inner_next(self): # We do this weird wrapping such that an imperitive next() call, and a generator-based iter both trace sanely. self._check_live() while True: try: return self._do_retryable_operation(self._iter_next) except StopIteration: self._message_iter = None raise def __next__(self): # Normally this would wrap the yield of the iter, but for a direct next call we just trace imperitively. message = self._inner_next() links = get_receive_links(message) with receive_trace_context_manager(self, links=links): return message next = __next__ # for python2.7 def _iter_next(self): self._open() if not self._message_iter: self._message_iter = self._handler.receive_messages_iter() uamqp_message = next(self._message_iter) message = self._build_message(uamqp_message) if ( self._auto_lock_renewer and not self._session and self._receive_mode != ServiceBusReceiveMode.RECEIVE_AND_DELETE ): self._auto_lock_renewer.register(self, message) return message @classmethod def _from_connection_string(cls, conn_str, **kwargs): # type: (str, Any) -> ServiceBusReceiver """Create a ServiceBusReceiver from a connection string. :param conn_str: The connection string of a Service Bus. :type conn_str: str :keyword str queue_name: The path of specific Service Bus Queue the client connects to. :keyword str topic_name: The path of specific Service Bus Topic which contains the Subscription the client connects to. :keyword str subscription_name: The path of specific Service Bus Subscription under the specified Topic the client connects to. :keyword receive_mode: The mode with which messages will be retrieved from the entity. The two options are PEEK_LOCK and RECEIVE_AND_DELETE. Messages received with PEEK_LOCK must be settled within a given lock period before they will be removed from the queue. Messages received with RECEIVE_AND_DELETE will be immediately removed from the queue, and cannot be subsequently abandoned or re-received if the client fails to process the message. The default mode is PEEK_LOCK. :paramtype receive_mode: Union[~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceiveMode, str] :keyword Optional[float] max_wait_time: The timeout in seconds between received messages after which the receiver will automatically stop receiving. The default value is None, meaning no timeout. :keyword bool logging_enable: Whether to output network trace logs to the logger. Default is `False`. :keyword transport_type: The type of transport protocol that will be used for communicating with the Service Bus service. Default is `TransportType.Amqp`. :paramtype transport_type: ~azure.servicebus.TransportType :keyword dict http_proxy: HTTP proxy settings. This must be a dictionary with the following keys: `'proxy_hostname'` (str value) and `'proxy_port'` (int value). Additionally the following keys may also be present: `'username', 'password'`. :keyword str user_agent: If specified, this will be added in front of the built-in user agent string. :keyword int prefetch_count: The maximum number of messages to cache with each request to the service. This setting is only for advanced performance tuning. Increasing this value will improve message throughput performance but increase the chance that messages will expire while they are cached if they're not processed fast enough. The default value is 0, meaning messages will be received from the service and processed one at a time. In the case of prefetch_count being 0, `ServiceBusReceiver.receive` would try to cache `max_message_count` (if provided) within its request to the service. :rtype: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceiver :raises ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusAuthenticationError: Indicates an issue in token/identity validity. :raises ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusAuthorizationError: Indicates an access/rights related failure. .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START create_servicebus_receiver_from_conn_str_sync] :end-before: [END create_servicebus_receiver_from_conn_str_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Create a new instance of the ServiceBusReceiver from connection string. """ constructor_args = cls._convert_connection_string_to_kwargs(conn_str, **kwargs) if kwargs.get("queue_name") and kwargs.get("subscription_name"): raise ValueError("Queue entity does not have subscription.") if kwargs.get("topic_name") and not kwargs.get("subscription_name"): raise ValueError( "Subscription name is missing for the topic. Please specify subscription_name." ) return cls(**constructor_args) def _create_handler(self, auth): # type: (AMQPAuth) -> None self._handler = ReceiveClient( self._get_source(), auth=auth, debug=self._config.logging_enable, properties=self._properties, error_policy=self._error_policy, client_name=self._name, on_attach=self._on_attach, auto_complete=False, encoding=self._config.encoding, receive_settle_mode=ServiceBusToAMQPReceiveModeMap[self._receive_mode], send_settle_mode=SenderSettleMode.Settled if self._receive_mode == ServiceBusReceiveMode.RECEIVE_AND_DELETE else None, timeout=self._max_wait_time * 1000 if self._max_wait_time else 0, prefetch=self._prefetch_count, keep_alive_interval=self._config.keep_alive, shutdown_after_timeout=False, ) def _open(self): # pylint: disable=protected-access if self._running: return if self._handler and not self._handler._shutdown: self._handler.close() auth = None if self._connection else create_authentication(self) self._create_handler(auth) try: self._handler.open(connection=self._connection) while not self._handler.client_ready(): time.sleep(0.05) self._running = True except: self._close_handler() raise if self._auto_lock_renewer and self._session: self._auto_lock_renewer.register(self, self.session) def _receive(self, max_message_count=None, timeout=None): # type: (Optional[int], Optional[float]) -> List[ServiceBusReceivedMessage] # pylint: disable=protected-access self._open() amqp_receive_client = self._handler received_messages_queue = amqp_receive_client._received_messages max_message_count = max_message_count or self._prefetch_count timeout_ms = ( 1000 * (timeout or self._max_wait_time) if (timeout or self._max_wait_time) else 0 ) abs_timeout_ms = ( amqp_receive_client._counter.get_current_ms() + timeout_ms if timeout_ms else 0 ) batch = [] # type: List[Message] while not received_messages_queue.empty() and len(batch) < max_message_count: batch.append(received_messages_queue.get()) received_messages_queue.task_done() if len(batch) >= max_message_count: return [self._build_message(message) for message in batch] # Dynamically issue link credit if max_message_count > 1 when the prefetch_count is the default value 1 if max_message_count and self._prefetch_count == 1 and max_message_count > 1: link_credit_needed = max_message_count - len(batch) amqp_receive_client.message_handler.reset_link_credit(link_credit_needed) first_message_received = expired = False receiving = True while receiving and not expired and len(batch) < max_message_count: while receiving and received_messages_queue.qsize() < max_message_count: if ( abs_timeout_ms and amqp_receive_client._counter.get_current_ms() > abs_timeout_ms ): expired = True break before = received_messages_queue.qsize() receiving = amqp_receive_client.do_work() received = received_messages_queue.qsize() - before if ( not first_message_received and received_messages_queue.qsize() > 0 and received > 0 ): # first message(s) received, continue receiving for some time first_message_received = True abs_timeout_ms = ( amqp_receive_client._counter.get_current_ms() + self._further_pull_receive_timeout_ms ) while ( not received_messages_queue.empty() and len(batch) < max_message_count ): batch.append(received_messages_queue.get()) received_messages_queue.task_done() return [self._build_message(message) for message in batch] def _settle_message_with_retry( self, message, settle_operation, dead_letter_reason=None, dead_letter_error_description=None, ): # pylint: disable=protected-access self._check_live() if not isinstance(message, ServiceBusReceivedMessage): raise TypeError( "Parameter 'message' must be of type ServiceBusReceivedMessage" ) self._check_message_alive(message, settle_operation) # The following condition check is a hot fix for settling a message received for non-session queue after # lock expiration. # uamqp doesn't have the ability to receive disposition result returned from the service after settlement, # so there's no way we could tell whether a disposition succeeds or not and there's no error condition info. # Throwing a general message error type here gives us the evolvability to have more fine-grained exception # subclasses in the future after we add the missing feature support in uamqp. # see issue: https://github.com/Azure/azure-uamqp-c/issues/274 if not self._session and message._lock_expired: raise ServiceBusError( message="The lock on the message lock has expired.", error=message.auto_renew_error, ) self._do_retryable_operation( self._settle_message, timeout=None, message=message, settle_operation=settle_operation, dead_letter_reason=dead_letter_reason, dead_letter_error_description=dead_letter_error_description, ) message._settled = True def _settle_message( self, message, settle_operation, dead_letter_reason=None, dead_letter_error_description=None, ): # type: (ServiceBusReceivedMessage, str, Optional[str], Optional[str]) -> None # pylint: disable=protected-access try: if not message._is_deferred_message: try: self._settle_message_via_receiver_link( message, settle_operation, dead_letter_reason=dead_letter_reason, dead_letter_error_description=dead_letter_error_description, )() return except RuntimeError as exception: _LOGGER.info( "Message settling: %r has encountered an exception (%r)." "Trying to settle through management link", settle_operation, exception, ) dead_letter_details = ( { MGMT_REQUEST_DEAD_LETTER_REASON: dead_letter_reason or "", MGMT_REQUEST_DEAD_LETTER_ERROR_DESCRIPTION: dead_letter_error_description or "", } if settle_operation == MESSAGE_DEAD_LETTER else None ) self._settle_message_via_mgmt_link( MESSAGE_MGMT_SETTLEMENT_TERM_MAP[settle_operation], [message.lock_token], # type: ignore dead_letter_details=dead_letter_details, ) except Exception as exception: _LOGGER.info( "Message settling: %r has encountered an exception (%r) through management link", settle_operation, exception, ) raise def _settle_message_via_mgmt_link( self, settlement, lock_tokens, dead_letter_details=None ): # type: (str, List[Union[uuid.UUID, str]], Optional[Dict[str, Any]]) -> Any message = { MGMT_REQUEST_DISPOSITION_STATUS: settlement, MGMT_REQUEST_LOCK_TOKENS: types.AMQPArray(lock_tokens), } self._populate_message_properties(message) if dead_letter_details: message.update(dead_letter_details) # We don't do retry here, retry is done in the ServiceBusReceivedMessage._settle_message return self._mgmt_request_response( REQUEST_RESPONSE_UPDATE_DISPOSTION_OPERATION, message, mgmt_handlers.default ) def _renew_locks(self, *lock_tokens, **kwargs): # type: (str, Any) -> Any timeout = kwargs.pop("timeout", None) message = {MGMT_REQUEST_LOCK_TOKENS: types.AMQPArray(lock_tokens)} return self._mgmt_request_response_with_retry( REQUEST_RESPONSE_RENEWLOCK_OPERATION, message, mgmt_handlers.message_lock_renew_op, timeout=timeout, ) def _close_handler(self): self._message_iter = None super(ServiceBusReceiver, self)._close_handler() @property def session(self): # type: () -> ServiceBusSession """ Get the ServiceBusSession object linked with the receiver. Session is only available to session-enabled entities, it would return None if called on a non-sessionful receiver. :rtype: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusSession .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START get_session_sync] :end-before: [END get_session_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Get session from a receiver """ return self._session # type: ignore
[docs] def close(self): # type: () -> None super(ServiceBusReceiver, self).close() self._message_iter = None # pylint: disable=attribute-defined-outside-init
def _get_streaming_message_iter(self, max_wait_time=None): # type: (Optional[float]) -> Iterator[ServiceBusReceivedMessage] """Receive messages from an iterator indefinitely, or if a max_wait_time is specified, until such a timeout occurs. :param max_wait_time: Maximum time to wait in seconds for the next message to arrive. If no messages arrive, and no timeout is specified, this call will not return until the connection is closed. If specified, and no messages arrive for the timeout period, the iterator will stop. :type max_wait_time: Optional[float] :rtype: Iterator[ServiceBusReceivedMessage] .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START receive_forever] :end-before: [END receive_forever] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Receive indefinitely from an iterator in streaming fashion. """ self._check_live() if max_wait_time is not None and max_wait_time <= 0: raise ValueError("The max_wait_time must be greater than 0.") return self._iter_contextual_wrapper(max_wait_time)
[docs] def receive_messages(self, max_message_count=1, max_wait_time=None): # type: (Optional[int], Optional[float]) -> List[ServiceBusReceivedMessage] """Receive a batch of messages at once. This approach is optimal if you wish to process multiple messages simultaneously, or perform an ad-hoc receive as a single call. Note that the number of messages retrieved in a single batch will be dependent on whether `prefetch_count` was set for the receiver. If `prefetch_count` is not set for the receiver, the receiver would try to cache max_message_count (if provided) messages within the request to the service. This call will prioritize returning quickly over meeting a specified batch size, and so will return as soon as at least one message is received and there is a gap in incoming messages regardless of the specified batch size. :param Optional[int] max_message_count: Maximum number of messages in the batch. Actual number returned will depend on prefetch_count and incoming stream rate. Setting to None will fully depend on the prefetch config. The default value is 1. :param Optional[float] max_wait_time: Maximum time to wait in seconds for the first message to arrive. If no messages arrive, and no timeout is specified, this call will not return until the connection is closed. If specified, an no messages arrive within the timeout period, an empty list will be returned. :rtype: List[~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceivedMessage] .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START receive_sync] :end-before: [END receive_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Receive messages from ServiceBus. """ self._check_live() if max_wait_time is not None and max_wait_time <= 0: raise ValueError("The max_wait_time must be greater than 0.") if max_message_count is not None and max_message_count <= 0: raise ValueError("The max_message_count must be greater than 0") messages = self._do_retryable_operation( self._receive, max_message_count=max_message_count, timeout=max_wait_time, operation_requires_timeout=True, ) links = get_receive_links(messages) with receive_trace_context_manager(self, links=links): if ( self._auto_lock_renewer and not self._session and self._receive_mode != ServiceBusReceiveMode.RECEIVE_AND_DELETE ): for message in messages: self._auto_lock_renewer.register(self, message) return messages
[docs] def receive_deferred_messages(self, sequence_numbers, **kwargs): # type: (Union[int,List[int]], Any) -> List[ServiceBusReceivedMessage] """Receive messages that have previously been deferred. When receiving deferred messages from a partitioned entity, all of the supplied sequence numbers must be messages from the same partition. :param Union[int,List[int]] sequence_numbers: A list of the sequence numbers of messages that have been deferred. :keyword Optional[float] timeout: The total operation timeout in seconds including all the retries. The value must be greater than 0 if specified. The default value is None, meaning no timeout. :rtype: List[~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceivedMessage] .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START receive_defer_sync] :end-before: [END receive_defer_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Receive deferred messages from ServiceBus. """ self._check_live() timeout = kwargs.pop("timeout", None) if timeout is not None and timeout <= 0: raise ValueError("The timeout must be greater than 0.") if isinstance(sequence_numbers, six.integer_types): sequence_numbers = [sequence_numbers] if len(sequence_numbers) == 0: return [] # no-op on empty list. self._open() uamqp_receive_mode = ServiceBusToAMQPReceiveModeMap[self._receive_mode] try: receive_mode = uamqp_receive_mode.value.value except AttributeError: receive_mode = int(uamqp_receive_mode.value) message = { MGMT_REQUEST_SEQUENCE_NUMBERS: types.AMQPArray( [types.AMQPLong(s) for s in sequence_numbers] ), MGMT_REQUEST_RECEIVER_SETTLE_MODE: types.AMQPuInt(receive_mode), } self._populate_message_properties(message) handler = functools.partial( mgmt_handlers.deferred_message_op, receive_mode=self._receive_mode, receiver=self, ) messages = self._mgmt_request_response_with_retry( REQUEST_RESPONSE_RECEIVE_BY_SEQUENCE_NUMBER, message, handler, timeout=timeout, ) links = get_receive_links(messages) with receive_trace_context_manager( self, span_name=SPAN_NAME_RECEIVE_DEFERRED, links=links ): if ( self._auto_lock_renewer and not self._session and self._receive_mode != ServiceBusReceiveMode.RECEIVE_AND_DELETE ): for message in messages: self._auto_lock_renewer.register(self, message) return messages
[docs] def peek_messages(self, max_message_count=1, **kwargs): # type: (int, Any) -> List[ServiceBusReceivedMessage] """Browse messages currently pending in the queue. Peeked messages are not removed from queue, nor are they locked. They cannot be completed, deferred or dead-lettered. :param int max_message_count: The maximum number of messages to try and peek. The default value is 1. :keyword int sequence_number: A message sequence number from which to start browsing messages. :keyword Optional[float] timeout: The total operation timeout in seconds including all the retries. The value must be greater than 0 if specified. The default value is None, meaning no timeout. :rtype: List[~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceivedMessage] .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START peek_messages_sync] :end-before: [END peek_messages_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Look at pending messages in the queue. """ self._check_live() sequence_number = kwargs.pop("sequence_number", 0) timeout = kwargs.pop("timeout", None) if timeout is not None and timeout <= 0: raise ValueError("The timeout must be greater than 0.") if not sequence_number: sequence_number = self._last_received_sequenced_number or 1 if int(max_message_count) < 0: raise ValueError("max_message_count must be 1 or greater.") self._open() message = { MGMT_REQUEST_FROM_SEQUENCE_NUMBER: types.AMQPLong(sequence_number), MGMT_REQUEST_MAX_MESSAGE_COUNT: max_message_count, } self._populate_message_properties(message) handler = functools.partial(mgmt_handlers.peek_op, receiver=self) messages = self._mgmt_request_response_with_retry( REQUEST_RESPONSE_PEEK_OPERATION, message, handler, timeout=timeout ) links = get_receive_links(messages) with receive_trace_context_manager( self, span_name=SPAN_NAME_PEEK, links=links ): return messages
[docs] def complete_message(self, message): """Complete the message. This removes the message from the queue. :param message: The received message to be completed. :type message: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceivedMessage :rtype: None :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.MessageAlreadySettled if the message has been settled. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.SessionLockLostError if session lock has already expired. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.ServiceBusError when errors happen. .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START complete_message_sync] :end-before: [END complete_message_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Complete a received message. """ self._settle_message_with_retry(message, MESSAGE_COMPLETE)
[docs] def abandon_message(self, message): """Abandon the message. This message will be returned to the queue and made available to be received again. :param message: The received message to be abandoned. :type message: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceivedMessage :rtype: None :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.MessageAlreadySettled if the message has been settled. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.SessionLockLostError if session lock has already expired. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.ServiceBusError when errors happen. .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START abandon_message_sync] :end-before: [END abandon_message_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Abandon a received message. """ self._settle_message_with_retry(message, MESSAGE_ABANDON)
[docs] def defer_message(self, message): """Defers the message. This message will remain in the queue but must be requested specifically by its sequence number in order to be received. :param message: The received message to be deferred. :type message: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceivedMessage :rtype: None :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.MessageAlreadySettled if the message has been settled. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.SessionLockLostError if session lock has already expired. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.ServiceBusError when errors happen. .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START defer_message_sync] :end-before: [END defer_message_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Defer a received message. """ self._settle_message_with_retry(message, MESSAGE_DEFER)
[docs] def dead_letter_message(self, message, reason=None, error_description=None): """Move the message to the Dead Letter queue. The Dead Letter queue is a sub-queue that can be used to store messages that failed to process correctly, or otherwise require further inspection or processing. The queue can also be configured to send expired messages to the Dead Letter queue. :param message: The received message to be dead-lettered. :type message: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceivedMessage :param Optional[str] reason: The reason for dead-lettering the message. :param Optional[str] error_description: The detailed error description for dead-lettering the message. :rtype: None :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.MessageAlreadySettled if the message has been settled. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.SessionLockLostError if session lock has already expired. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.ServiceBusError when errors happen. .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START dead_letter_message_sync] :end-before: [END dead_letter_message_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Dead letter a received message. """ self._settle_message_with_retry( message, MESSAGE_DEAD_LETTER, dead_letter_reason=reason, dead_letter_error_description=error_description, )
[docs] def renew_message_lock(self, message, **kwargs): # type: (ServiceBusReceivedMessage, Any) -> datetime.datetime # pylint: disable=protected-access,no-member """Renew the message lock. This will maintain the lock on the message to ensure it is not returned to the queue to be reprocessed. In order to complete (or otherwise settle) the message, the lock must be maintained, and cannot already have expired; an expired lock cannot be renewed. Messages received via RECEIVE_AND_DELETE mode are not locked, and therefore cannot be renewed. This operation is only available for non-sessionful messages as well. :param message: The message to renew the lock for. :type message: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceivedMessage :keyword Optional[float] timeout: The total operation timeout in seconds including all the retries. The value must be greater than 0 if specified. The default value is None, meaning no timeout. :returns: The utc datetime the lock is set to expire at. :rtype: datetime.datetime :raises: TypeError if the message is sessionful. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.MessageAlreadySettled if the message has been settled. :raises: ~azure.servicebus.exceptions.MessageLockLostError if message lock has already expired. .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START renew_message_lock_sync] :end-before: [END renew_message_lock_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Renew the lock on a received message. """ # type: ignore try: if self.session: raise TypeError( "Renewing message lock is an invalid operation when working with sessions." "Please renew the session lock instead." ) except AttributeError: pass self._check_live() self._check_message_alive(message, MESSAGE_RENEW_LOCK) token = message.lock_token if not token: raise ValueError("Unable to renew lock - no lock token found.") timeout = kwargs.pop("timeout", None) if timeout is not None and timeout <= 0: raise ValueError("The timeout must be greater than 0.") expiry = self._renew_locks(token, timeout=timeout) # type: ignore message._expiry = utc_from_timestamp( expiry[MGMT_RESPONSE_MESSAGE_EXPIRATION][0] / 1000.0 ) return message._expiry # type: ignore