Source code for azure.servicebus._servicebus_client

# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
# Licensed under the MIT License. See License.txt in the project root for license information.
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
from typing import Any, Union, Optional, TYPE_CHECKING
import logging
from weakref import WeakSet
from typing_extensions import Literal

import uamqp

from ._base_handler import (
    _parse_conn_str,
    ServiceBusSharedKeyCredential,
    ServiceBusSASTokenCredential,
)
from ._servicebus_sender import ServiceBusSender
from ._servicebus_receiver import ServiceBusReceiver
from ._common.auto_lock_renewer import AutoLockRenewer
from ._common._configuration import Configuration
from ._common.utils import (
    create_authentication,
    generate_dead_letter_entity_name,
    strip_protocol_from_uri,
)
from ._common.constants import (
    ServiceBusSubQueue,
    ServiceBusReceiveMode,
    ServiceBusSessionFilter,
)

if TYPE_CHECKING:
    from azure.core.credentials import (
        TokenCredential,
        AzureSasCredential,
        AzureNamedKeyCredential,
    )

NextAvailableSessionType = Literal[ServiceBusSessionFilter.NEXT_AVAILABLE]


_LOGGER = logging.getLogger(__name__)


[docs]class ServiceBusClient(object): # pylint: disable=client-accepts-api-version-keyword """The ServiceBusClient class defines a high level interface for getting ServiceBusSender and ServiceBusReceiver. :ivar fully_qualified_namespace: The fully qualified host name for the Service Bus namespace. The namespace format is: `<yournamespace>.servicebus.windows.net`. :vartype fully_qualified_namespace: str :param str fully_qualified_namespace: The fully qualified host name for the Service Bus namespace. The namespace format is: `<yournamespace>.servicebus.windows.net`. :param credential: The credential object used for authentication which implements a particular interface for getting tokens. It accepts credential objects generated by the azure-identity library and objects that implement the `get_token(self, *scopes)` method, or alternatively, an AzureSasCredential can be provided too. :type credential: ~azure.core.credentials.TokenCredential or ~azure.core.credentials.AzureSasCredential or ~azure.core.credentials.AzureNamedKeyCredential :keyword bool logging_enable: Whether to output network trace logs to the logger. Default is `False`. :keyword transport_type: The type of transport protocol that will be used for communicating with the Service Bus service. Default is `TransportType.Amqp` in which case port 5671 is used. If the port 5671 is unavailable/blocked in the network environment, `TransportType.AmqpOverWebsocket` could be used instead which uses port 443 for communication. :paramtype transport_type: ~azure.servicebus.TransportType :keyword Dict http_proxy: HTTP proxy settings. This must be a dictionary with the following keys: `'proxy_hostname'` (str value) and `'proxy_port'` (int value). Additionally the following keys may also be present: `'username', 'password'`. :keyword str user_agent: If specified, this will be added in front of the built-in user agent string. :keyword int retry_total: The total number of attempts to redo a failed operation when an error occurs. Default value is 3. :keyword float retry_backoff_factor: Delta back-off internal in the unit of second between retries. Default value is 0.8. :keyword float retry_backoff_max: Maximum back-off interval in the unit of second. Default value is 120. :keyword retry_mode: The delay behavior between retry attempts. Supported values are "fixed" or "exponential", where default is "exponential". :paramtype retry_mode: str :keyword str custom_endpoint_address: The custom endpoint address to use for establishing a connection to the Service Bus service, allowing network requests to be routed through any application gateways or other paths needed for the host environment. Default is None. The format would be like "sb://<custom_endpoint_hostname>:<custom_endpoint_port>". If port is not specified in the `custom_endpoint_address`, by default port 443 will be used. :keyword str connection_verify: Path to the custom CA_BUNDLE file of the SSL certificate which is used to authenticate the identity of the connection endpoint. Default is None in which case `certifi.where()` will be used. .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START create_sb_client_sync] :end-before: [END create_sb_client_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Create a new instance of the ServiceBusClient. """ def __init__( self, fully_qualified_namespace: str, credential: Union[ "TokenCredential", "AzureSasCredential", "AzureNamedKeyCredential" ], *, retry_total: int = 3, retry_backoff_factor: float = 0.8, retry_backoff_max: float = 120, retry_mode: str = "exponential", **kwargs: Any ) -> None: # If the user provided http:// or sb://, let's be polite and strip that. self.fully_qualified_namespace = strip_protocol_from_uri( fully_qualified_namespace.strip() ) self._credential = credential self._config = Configuration( retry_total=retry_total, retry_backoff_factor=retry_backoff_factor, retry_backoff_max=retry_backoff_max, retry_mode=retry_mode, **kwargs ) self._connection = None # Optional entity name, can be the name of Queue or Topic. Intentionally not advertised, typically be needed. self._entity_name = kwargs.get("entity_name") self._auth_uri = "sb://{}".format(self.fully_qualified_namespace) if self._entity_name: self._auth_uri = "{}/{}".format(self._auth_uri, self._entity_name) # Internal flag for switching whether to apply connection sharing, pending fix in uamqp library self._connection_sharing = False self._handlers = WeakSet() # type: WeakSet self._custom_endpoint_address = kwargs.get('custom_endpoint_address') self._connection_verify = kwargs.get("connection_verify") def __enter__(self): if self._connection_sharing: self._create_uamqp_connection() return self def __exit__(self, *args): self.close() def _create_uamqp_connection(self): auth = create_authentication(self) self._connection = uamqp.Connection( hostname=self.fully_qualified_namespace, sasl=auth, debug=self._config.logging_enable, )
[docs] def close(self): # type: () -> None """ Close down the ServiceBus client. All spawned senders, receivers and underlying connection will be shutdown. :return: None """ for handler in self._handlers: try: handler.close() except Exception as exception: # pylint: disable=broad-except _LOGGER.error( "Client has met an exception when closing the handler: %r. Exception: %r.", handler._container_id, # pylint: disable=protected-access exception, ) self._handlers.clear() if self._connection_sharing and self._connection: self._connection.destroy()
[docs] @classmethod def from_connection_string( cls, conn_str: str, *, retry_total: int = 3, retry_backoff_factor: float = 0.8, retry_backoff_max: float = 120, retry_mode: str = "exponential", **kwargs: Any ) -> "ServiceBusClient": """ Create a ServiceBusClient from a connection string. :param str conn_str: The connection string of a Service Bus. :keyword bool logging_enable: Whether to output network trace logs to the logger. Default is `False`. :keyword transport_type: The type of transport protocol that will be used for communicating with the Service Bus service. Default is `TransportType.Amqp` in which case port 5671 is used. If the port 5671 is unavailable/blocked in the network environment, `TransportType.AmqpOverWebsocket` could be used instead which uses port 443 for communication. :paramtype transport_type: ~azure.servicebus.TransportType :keyword Dict http_proxy: HTTP proxy settings. This must be a dictionary with the following keys: `'proxy_hostname'` (str value) and `'proxy_port'` (int value). Additionally the following keys may also be present: `'username', 'password'`. :keyword str user_agent: If specified, this will be added in front of the built-in user agent string. :keyword int retry_total: The total number of attempts to redo a failed operation when an error occurs. Default value is 3. :keyword float retry_backoff_factor: Delta back-off internal in the unit of second between retries. Default value is 0.8. :keyword float retry_backoff_max: Maximum back-off interval in the unit of second. Default value is 120. :keyword retry_mode: The delay behavior between retry attempts. Supported values are 'fixed' or 'exponential', where default is 'exponential'. :paramtype retry_mode: str :keyword str custom_endpoint_address: The custom endpoint address to use for establishing a connection to the Service Bus service, allowing network requests to be routed through any application gateways or other paths needed for the host environment. Default is None. The format would be like "sb://<custom_endpoint_hostname>:<custom_endpoint_port>". If port is not specified in the custom_endpoint_address, by default port 443 will be used. :keyword str connection_verify: Path to the custom CA_BUNDLE file of the SSL certificate which is used to authenticate the identity of the connection endpoint. Default is None in which case `certifi.where()` will be used. :rtype: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusClient .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START create_sb_client_from_conn_str_sync] :end-before: [END create_sb_client_from_conn_str_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Create a new instance of the ServiceBusClient from connection string. """ host, policy, key, entity_in_conn_str, token, token_expiry = _parse_conn_str( conn_str ) if token and token_expiry: credential = ServiceBusSASTokenCredential(token, token_expiry) elif policy and key: credential = ServiceBusSharedKeyCredential(policy, key) # type: ignore return cls( fully_qualified_namespace=host, entity_name=entity_in_conn_str or kwargs.pop("entity_name", None), credential=credential, # type: ignore retry_total=retry_total, retry_backoff_factor=retry_backoff_factor, retry_backoff_max=retry_backoff_max, retry_mode=retry_mode, **kwargs )
[docs] def get_queue_sender(self, queue_name, **kwargs): # type: (str, Any) -> ServiceBusSender """Get ServiceBusSender for the specific queue. :param str queue_name: The path of specific Service Bus Queue the client connects to. :keyword str client_identifier: A string-based identifier to uniquely identify the sender instance. Service Bus will associate it with some error messages for easier correlation of errors. If not specified, a unique id will be generated. :rtype: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusSender .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START create_servicebus_sender_from_sb_client_sync] :end-before: [END create_servicebus_sender_from_sb_client_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Create a new instance of the ServiceBusSender from ServiceBusClient. """ # pylint: disable=protected-access if self._entity_name and queue_name != self._entity_name: raise ValueError( "The queue name provided does not match the EntityPath in " "the connection string used to construct the ServiceBusClient." ) handler = ServiceBusSender( fully_qualified_namespace=self.fully_qualified_namespace, queue_name=queue_name, credential=self._credential, logging_enable=self._config.logging_enable, transport_type=self._config.transport_type, http_proxy=self._config.http_proxy, connection=self._connection, user_agent=self._config.user_agent, retry_mode=self._config.retry_mode, retry_total=self._config.retry_total, retry_backoff_factor=self._config.retry_backoff_factor, retry_backoff_max=self._config.retry_backoff_max, custom_endpoint_address=self._custom_endpoint_address, connection_verify=self._connection_verify, **kwargs ) self._handlers.add(handler) return handler
[docs] def get_queue_receiver( self, queue_name: str, *, session_id: Optional[Union[str, NextAvailableSessionType]] = None, sub_queue: Optional[Union[ServiceBusSubQueue, str]] = None, receive_mode: Union[ ServiceBusReceiveMode, str ] = ServiceBusReceiveMode.PEEK_LOCK, max_wait_time: Optional[float] = None, auto_lock_renewer: Optional[AutoLockRenewer] = None, prefetch_count: int = 0, **kwargs: Any ) -> ServiceBusReceiver: """Get ServiceBusReceiver for the specific queue. :param str queue_name: The path of specific Service Bus Queue the client connects to. :keyword session_id: A specific session from which to receive. This must be specified for a sessionful queue, otherwise it must be None. In order to receive messages from the next available session, set this to ~azure.servicebus.NEXT_AVAILABLE_SESSION. :paramtype session_id: str or ~azure.servicebus.NEXT_AVAILABLE_SESSION :keyword sub_queue: If specified, the subqueue this receiver will connect to. This includes the DEAD_LETTER and TRANSFER_DEAD_LETTER queues, holds messages that can't be delivered to any receiver or messages that can't be processed. The default is None, meaning connect to the primary queue. Can be assigned values from `ServiceBusSubQueue` enum or equivalent string values "deadletter" and "transferdeadletter". :paramtype sub_queue: str or ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusSubQueue or None :keyword receive_mode: The receive_mode with which messages will be retrieved from the entity. The two options are PEEK_LOCK and RECEIVE_AND_DELETE. Messages received with PEEK_LOCK must be settled within a given lock period before they will be removed from the queue. Messages received with RECEIVE_AND_DELETE will be immediately removed from the queue, and cannot be subsequently rejected or re-received if the client fails to process the message. The default receive_mode is PEEK_LOCK. :paramtype receive_mode: Union[~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceiveMode, str] :keyword Optional[float] max_wait_time: The timeout in seconds between received messages after which the receiver will automatically stop receiving. The default value is None, meaning no timeout. :keyword Optional[~azure.servicebus.AutoLockRenewer] auto_lock_renewer: An ~azure.servicebus.AutoLockRenewer can be provided such that messages are automatically registered on receipt. If the receiver is a session receiver, it will apply to the session instead. :keyword int prefetch_count: The maximum number of messages to cache with each request to the service. This setting is only for advanced performance tuning. Increasing this value will improve message throughput performance but increase the chance that messages will expire while they are cached if they're not processed fast enough. The default value is 0, meaning messages will be received from the service and processed one at a time. In the case of prefetch_count being 0, `ServiceBusReceiver.receive` would try to cache `max_message_count` (if provided) within its request to the service. :keyword str client_identifier: A string-based identifier to uniquely identify the receiver instance. Service Bus will associate it with some error messages for easier correlation of errors. If not specified, a unique id will be generated. :rtype: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceiver .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START create_servicebus_receiver_from_sb_client_sync] :end-before: [END create_servicebus_receiver_from_sb_client_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Create a new instance of the ServiceBusReceiver from ServiceBusClient. """ if self._entity_name and queue_name != self._entity_name: raise ValueError( "The queue name provided does not match the EntityPath in " "the connection string used to construct the ServiceBusClient." ) if sub_queue and session_id: raise ValueError( "session_id and sub_queue can not be specified simultaneously. " "To connect to the sub queue of a sessionful queue, " "please set sub_queue only as sub_queue does not support session." ) try: queue_name = generate_dead_letter_entity_name( queue_name=queue_name, transfer_deadletter=( ServiceBusSubQueue(sub_queue) == ServiceBusSubQueue.TRANSFER_DEAD_LETTER ), ) except ValueError: if ( sub_queue ): # If we got here and sub_queue is defined, it's an incorrect value or something unrelated. raise # pylint: disable=protected-access handler = ServiceBusReceiver( fully_qualified_namespace=self.fully_qualified_namespace, entity_name=queue_name, credential=self._credential, logging_enable=self._config.logging_enable, transport_type=self._config.transport_type, http_proxy=self._config.http_proxy, connection=self._connection, user_agent=self._config.user_agent, retry_mode=self._config.retry_mode, retry_total=self._config.retry_total, retry_backoff_factor=self._config.retry_backoff_factor, retry_backoff_max=self._config.retry_backoff_max, session_id=session_id, sub_queue=sub_queue, receive_mode=receive_mode, max_wait_time=max_wait_time, auto_lock_renewer=auto_lock_renewer, prefetch_count=prefetch_count, custom_endpoint_address=self._custom_endpoint_address, connection_verify=self._connection_verify, **kwargs ) self._handlers.add(handler) return handler
[docs] def get_topic_sender(self, topic_name, **kwargs): # type: (str, Any) -> ServiceBusSender """Get ServiceBusSender for the specific topic. :param str topic_name: The path of specific Service Bus Topic the client connects to. :keyword str client_identifier: A string-based identifier to uniquely identify the sender instance. Service Bus will associate it with some error messages for easier correlation of errors. If not specified, a unique id will be generated. :rtype: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusSender .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START create_topic_sender_from_sb_client_sync] :end-before: [END create_topic_sender_from_sb_client_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Create a new instance of the ServiceBusSender from ServiceBusClient. """ if self._entity_name and topic_name != self._entity_name: raise ValueError( "The topic name provided does not match the EntityPath in " "the connection string used to construct the ServiceBusClient." ) handler = ServiceBusSender( fully_qualified_namespace=self.fully_qualified_namespace, topic_name=topic_name, credential=self._credential, logging_enable=self._config.logging_enable, transport_type=self._config.transport_type, http_proxy=self._config.http_proxy, connection=self._connection, user_agent=self._config.user_agent, retry_mode=self._config.retry_mode, retry_total=self._config.retry_total, retry_backoff_factor=self._config.retry_backoff_factor, retry_backoff_max=self._config.retry_backoff_max, custom_endpoint_address=self._custom_endpoint_address, connection_verify=self._connection_verify, **kwargs ) self._handlers.add(handler) return handler
[docs] def get_subscription_receiver( self, topic_name: str, subscription_name: str, *, session_id: Optional[Union[str, NextAvailableSessionType]] = None, sub_queue: Optional[Union[ServiceBusSubQueue, str]] = None, receive_mode: Union[ ServiceBusReceiveMode, str ] = ServiceBusReceiveMode.PEEK_LOCK, max_wait_time: Optional[float] = None, auto_lock_renewer: Optional[AutoLockRenewer] = None, prefetch_count: int = 0, **kwargs: Any ) -> ServiceBusReceiver: """Get ServiceBusReceiver for the specific subscription under the topic. :param str topic_name: The name of specific Service Bus Topic the client connects to. :param str subscription_name: The name of specific Service Bus Subscription under the given Service Bus Topic. :keyword session_id: A specific session from which to receive. This must be specified for a sessionful subscription, otherwise it must be None. In order to receive messages from the next available session, set this to ~azure.servicebus.NEXT_AVAILABLE_SESSION. :paramtype session_id: str or ~azure.servicebus.NEXT_AVAILABLE_SESSION :keyword sub_queue: If specified, the subqueue this receiver will connect to. This includes the DEAD_LETTER and TRANSFER_DEAD_LETTER queues, holds messages that can't be delivered to any receiver or messages that can't be processed. The default is None, meaning connect to the primary queue. Can be assigned values from `ServiceBusSubQueue` enum or equivalent string values "deadletter" and "transferdeadletter". :paramtype sub_queue: str or ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusSubQueue or None :keyword receive_mode: The receive_mode with which messages will be retrieved from the entity. The two options are PEEK_LOCK and RECEIVE_AND_DELETE. Messages received with PEEK_LOCK must be settled within a given lock period before they will be removed from the subscription. Messages received with RECEIVE_AND_DELETE will be immediately removed from the subscription, and cannot be subsequently rejected or re-received if the client fails to process the message. The default receive_mode is PEEK_LOCK. :paramtype receive_mode: Union[~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceiveMode, str] :keyword Optional[float] max_wait_time: The timeout in seconds between received messages after which the receiver will automatically stop receiving. The default value is None, meaning no timeout. :keyword Optional[~azure.servicebus.AutoLockRenewer] auto_lock_renewer: An ~azure.servicebus.AutoLockRenewer can be provided such that messages are automatically registered on receipt. If the receiver is a session receiver, it will apply to the session instead. :keyword int prefetch_count: The maximum number of messages to cache with each request to the service. This setting is only for advanced performance tuning. Increasing this value will improve message throughput performance but increase the chance that messages will expire while they are cached if they're not processed fast enough. The default value is 0, meaning messages will be received from the service and processed one at a time. In the case of prefetch_count being 0, `ServiceBusReceiver.receive` would try to cache `max_message_count` (if provided) within its request to the service. :keyword str client_identifier: A string-based identifier to uniquely identify the receiver instance. Service Bus will associate it with some error messages for easier correlation of errors. If not specified, a unique id will be generated. :rtype: ~azure.servicebus.ServiceBusReceiver .. admonition:: Example: .. literalinclude:: ../samples/sync_samples/sample_code_servicebus.py :start-after: [START create_subscription_receiver_from_sb_client_sync] :end-before: [END create_subscription_receiver_from_sb_client_sync] :language: python :dedent: 4 :caption: Create a new instance of the ServiceBusReceiver from ServiceBusClient. """ # pylint: disable=protected-access if self._entity_name and topic_name != self._entity_name: raise ValueError( "The topic name provided does not match the EntityPath in " "the connection string used to construct the ServiceBusClient." ) if sub_queue and session_id: raise ValueError( "session_id and sub_queue can not be specified simultaneously. " "To connect to the sub queue of a sessionful subscription, " "please set sub_queue only as sub_queue is not sessionful." ) try: entity_name = generate_dead_letter_entity_name( topic_name=topic_name, subscription_name=subscription_name, transfer_deadletter=( ServiceBusSubQueue(sub_queue) == ServiceBusSubQueue.TRANSFER_DEAD_LETTER ), ) handler = ServiceBusReceiver( fully_qualified_namespace=self.fully_qualified_namespace, entity_name=entity_name, credential=self._credential, logging_enable=self._config.logging_enable, transport_type=self._config.transport_type, http_proxy=self._config.http_proxy, connection=self._connection, user_agent=self._config.user_agent, retry_mode=self._config.retry_mode, retry_total=self._config.retry_total, retry_backoff_factor=self._config.retry_backoff_factor, retry_backoff_max=self._config.retry_backoff_max, session_id=session_id, sub_queue=sub_queue, receive_mode=receive_mode, max_wait_time=max_wait_time, auto_lock_renewer=auto_lock_renewer, prefetch_count=prefetch_count, custom_endpoint_address=self._custom_endpoint_address, connection_verify=self._connection_verify, **kwargs ) except ValueError: if ( sub_queue ): # If we got here and sub_queue is defined, it's an incorrect value or something unrelated. raise handler = ServiceBusReceiver( fully_qualified_namespace=self.fully_qualified_namespace, topic_name=topic_name, subscription_name=subscription_name, credential=self._credential, logging_enable=self._config.logging_enable, transport_type=self._config.transport_type, http_proxy=self._config.http_proxy, connection=self._connection, user_agent=self._config.user_agent, retry_mode=self._config.retry_mode, retry_total=self._config.retry_total, retry_backoff_factor=self._config.retry_backoff_factor, retry_backoff_max=self._config.retry_backoff_max, session_id=session_id, sub_queue=sub_queue, receive_mode=receive_mode, max_wait_time=max_wait_time, auto_lock_renewer=auto_lock_renewer, prefetch_count=prefetch_count, custom_endpoint_address=self._custom_endpoint_address, connection_verify=self._connection_verify, **kwargs ) self._handlers.add(handler) return handler